Carbon footprint refers to the total amount of greenhouse gas emissions due to human activities on earth. Carbon Trust has defined Carbon footprint as ‘The total set of greenhouse gas emissions caused directly and indirectly by an [individual, event, organization, product, expressed as CO2.’

These emissions can be given off through any of the following combinations: clearing of forests, burning of fossil fuels, consumption, manufacturing, and transportation. These emissions are majorly either Carbon(iv)oxide (CO2) or Methane (CH4). Carbon footprint is calculated as a carbon dioxide equivalent using the relevant 100-year global warming potential (GWP100).

The global average Carbon Footprint per…


To better combat the imminent challenges of soil waterproofing, urbanization, and climate change, it is necessary to embrace sustainable management of water. Rapid urbanization alongside an increase in the demand for water and pollution of water bodies have a negative impact on access to quality water within and outside the cities. These impacts include over-exploitation of water resources, contamination of water bodies, increased risk of flooding, problems in water supplies, and effects on the quality of life of city dwellers.

At the same time, climate change threatens to vary water regimes, reduce water availability, and impose considerable economic costs on…


A gas flare which can be referred to as flare stack, flare explosion, bottom flare, or flare pit is gas combustion by industrial plants such as petroleum refineries, chemical and natural gas processing plants. It is prevalent at oil or gas extraction areas containing oil wells, gas wells, offshore oil, gas rigs, and landfills. When natural gas is generated to the surface but cannot easily be used, it is “burned for removal” or “flared”.

Flaring mostly occurs when gas is generated as an outcome of oil extraction and brought to the surface. It is simply burned off if there is…


With the continued hazards and accidents occurring at workplaces recently, it’s important to raise awareness towards promoting safety and health culture in the work environment. We need to do all we can to reduce work-related injuries and deaths across the globe drastically.

The coronavirus crisis began in December 2019 in China and later emerged as a global pandemic, resulting in over three million deaths across the globe. This pandemic has had adverse impacts on businesses and governments. …


The facts are damning and the statistics frightening. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), 229 million malaria cases were estimated worldwide in 2019, with 409,000 deaths. More than two-thirds (67%) of these deaths were found in children under 5. In 2018, the fatalities stood at 411,000. While the Coronavirus pandemic may have dwarfed the figures for 2020, tuberculosis remains the only disease that kills more people than malaria every year.

The fight against malaria is global, and some wins have been recorded as actions have averted between 1.5 billion and 7.6 million malaria deaths since 2000. In the past…


According to a Pew Internet Project report from 2009, 93% of teenagers and 77% of adults use the internet. Based on the Kaiser Family Foundation report, children aged 8 to 18 spend an average of 7.5 hours per day, seven days a week, wired into laptops, TV, video games, music, mobile phones, and other electronic devices.

An internet protection firm audit reveals that children would rather play video games or surf the internet than ride a bike or go for a swim. …


We live in a society that is powered mainly by oil, gas, and coal. Fossil fuels are responsible for supplying many of our daily energy needs, with transportation and heating as the main consumers of these energy sources. The key to reducing fossil fuel consumption, and consequently greenhouse gas emissions, is to electrify energy consumption as much as possible. That is to say, change consumptions that are currently supplied with fossil fuels for others that are fed with electricity.

But why electricity? Basically, because electrical energy is capable of replacing fossil fuels in a multitude of scenarios, and doing the…


The world urgently needs to change its food production and consumption patterns. Agriculture is at the core of our sustainability goals and deliberations. Food production, consumption, and even waste affect our planets in ways that we cannot ignore. Our current food system is responsible for the gross decline in global population and species diversity, and habitats.

Here are a few questions we must answer:

  • Do our sustainability measures look beyond increments in food availability to meet our nutritional needs?
  • Do our goals consider the sustainability impacts of every process in the food production and consumption chain?

Here are the ways…


Every year, about 40 million liters of oil are spilled across the Niger Delta in Nigeria. According to the Guardian, “Vast areas of the state’s waterways and mangrove swamps — one of the most diverse ecosystems in Africa — have been destroyed or put at risk.” This has led to high mortality in the aquatic environment, with particular losses of crabs, fish, and embryonic shrimp.

The Glossary of Environmental Statistics defines Marine Pollution as the “direct or indirect introduction by humans of substances or energy into the marine environment (including estuaries), resulting in harm to living resources, hazards to human…


In an article written last year, -Africa in the face of Global Warming-, much was discussed on Africa’s chances with the impacts climate change would bring upon the young continent. The article also briefly deliberated on Africa’s adaptability and mitigation strategies, which is a step in Africa’s roadmap to a climate-resilient future.

This post seeks to expound on Africa’s master plan for a climate-resilient future despite the existential threats that loom. Likely questions to be considered are, ‘How are regional and continental bodies working towards this desired future?’ and ‘Are international institutions or foreign states supporting this cause?’ …

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